Lit. devices: satire, iambic pentameter, wit, irony, paradox
Styles: heroic couplets, mundane plots, use of current political events (allegorically and directly), mock epics
Major themes: human frailty, mocking of human behavior
Authors: Alexander Pope, John Dryden
LINES BY A PERSON OF QUALITY
by: Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
- luttering spread thy purple pinions,
- Gentle Cupid, o'er my heart,
- I a slave in thy dominions,
- Nature must give way to art.
- Mild Arcadians, ever blooming,
- Nightly nodding o'er your flocks,
- See my weary days consuming,
- All beneath yon flowery rocks.
- Thus the Cyprian goddess weeping,
- Mourned Adonis, darling youth:
- Him the boar, in silence creeping,
- Gored with unrelenting tooth.
- Cynthia, tune harmonious numbers;
- Fair Discretion, tune the lyre;
- Soothe my ever-waking slumbers;
- Bright Apollo, lend thy choir.
- Gloomy Pluto, king of terrors,
- Armed in adamantine chains,
- Lead me to the crystal mirrors,
- Watering soft Elysian plains.
- Mournful Cypress, verdant willow,
- Gilding my Aurelia's brows,
- Morpheus, hovering o'er my pillow,
- Hear me pay my dying vows.
- Melancholy, smooth Mæander,
- Swiftly purling in a round,
- On thy margin lovers wander
- With thy flowery chaplets crowned.
- Thus when Philomela, drooping,
- Softly seeks her silent mate,
- So the bird of Juno stooping;
- Melody resigns to fate.